Lgr4 controls specialization of female gonads in mice

Masae Koizumi, Kazunori Oyama, Yukiko Yamakami, Tomoyo Kida, Ryo Satoh, Shigeki Kato, Shizu Hidema, Tomoyuki Oe, Takaaki Goto, Hans Clevers, Akihiro Nawa, Katsuhiko Nishimori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leucine-rich repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 4 (Lgr4) is a type of membrane receptor with a seven-transmembrane structure. LGR4 is homologous to gonadotropin receptors, such as follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (Fshr) and luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor (Lhcgr). Recently, it has been reported that Lgr4 is a membrane receptor for R-spondin ligands, which mediate Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Defects of R-spondin homolog (Rspo1) and wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 4 (Wnt4) cause masculinization of female gonads. We observed that Lgr4-/- female mice show abnormal development of the Wolffian ducts and somatic cells similar to that in the male gonads. Lgr4-/- female mice exhibited masculinization similar to that observed in Rspo1-deficient mice. In Lgr4-/- ovarian somatic cells, the expression levels of lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1 (Lefl) and Axin2 (Axin2), which are target genes of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, were lower than they were in wild-type mice. This study suggests that Lgr4 is critical for ovarian somatic cell specialization via the cooperative signaling of Rspo1 and Wnt/beta-catenin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number90
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Female reproductive tract
  • Sex differentiation
  • Steroid hormones/steroid hormone receptor
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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