We treated an 11-year-old boy with a testicular Leydig cell tumor. We analyzed the testosterone production of this tumor by immunolocalization of steroidogenic enzymes and in vitro three-dimensional histoculture. Spermatic venous blood from the tumor bearing testis had noticeably high concentrations of testosterone and androstenedione. The tumor had the characteristic ultrastructural features of steroid producing cells and was immunoreactive for P450scc (side chain cleavage), 3βHSD (hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase) and P450c17 (17α-hydroxylase). Three-dimensional collagen-gel-supported histoculture demonstrated that the tumor tissue in the culture maintained its histologic architecture, expression of steroidogenic enzymes, and secretion of testosterone into the medium for up to 7 days in culture. Histoculture preserved in vitro testosterone production in this case of testicular Leydig cell tumor.
- Leydig cell tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism