To study the contribution of leukotriene C4 (LTC4), leukotriene D4 (LTD4), leukotriene B4 (LTB4), and inflammation to the antigen-induced late bronchial response, these leukotrienes, histamine, and cell differentials were evaluated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Immediate and late responses were induced by Ascaris suum antigen inhalation in 11 conscious sheep. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed on 3 separate test days, before challenge (control), during the immediate response, and during the late response. Leukotrienes were measured by radioimmunoassay after purification by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. LTB4 and LTC4 were detected in control BALF, but LTD4 was not, LTC4 and LTB4 were increased in the late response (p < 0.05 compared with each control). The percent neutrophils recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage was increased during the late response, and this was significantly correlated with pulmonary resistance (p < 0.01). Histamine levels in BALF were elevated during the immediate response but not during the late response. Our results suggest that histamine and LTC4 may contribute to the contraction of bronchial smooth muscle in the immediate and the late response, respectively. The increase in LTB4, a neutrophil chemotactic factor, during the late response may be responsible for the increase in the percent neutrophils.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine