Lethal chronotoxicity induced by seven metal compounds in mice

Hiroki Yoshioka, Tsunemasa Nonogaki, Yasuro Shinohara, Masumi Suzui, Yurie Mori, Gi Wook Hwang, Katsumi Ohtani, Nobuhiko Miura

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the present study is to investigate the “chronotoxicity” of seven metal compounds (Hg, Pb, Ni, Cr, Cu, Zn, or Fe) by assessing how their toxicity varies with circadian periodicity. Male ICR mice were injected with each metal compound intraperitoneally at 6 different time points over the course of a day (zeitgeber time [ZT]: ZT2, ZT6, ZT10, ZT14, ZT18 and ZT22). Mortality was then monitored until 14 days after the injection. Our investigation demonstrated that mice were tolerant against Ni toxicity during dark phase, on the other hand, they were tolerant against Cr toxicity during light phase. The chronotoxicity of Hg and Pb seemed to be biphasic. Further, mice were susceptible to toxicities against Cu and Zn in the time zone during which light and dark were reversed. Interestingly, no significant differences were observed for Fe exposure at any time of the day. Our results propose that the chronotoxicology may provide valuable information regarding the importance of injection timing for not only toxicity evaluation tests but also the reproducibility of animal experiments. Furthermore, our data suggests that chronotoxicology may be an important consideration when evaluating the quality of risk assessments for night shift workers who may be exposed to toxic substances at various times of the day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Toxicological Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Chronotoxicology
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Lethal toxicity
  • Metal toxicity
  • Risk assessments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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