Leptin kinetics during peritoneal dialysis in acutely uraemic rats

Keisuke Matsubara, Hideyasu Kiyomoto, Kumiko Moriwaki, Taiga Hara, Naoki Kondo, Takatomi Shokoji, Hirofumi Hitomi, Yasuharu Aki, Masaki Aono, Akira Nishiyama, Koji Ohmori, Masakazu Kohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Leptin has been shown to function as an inhibitor of appetite and energy expenditure accelerator. However, it was recently reported that leptin has other important functions as a fibrogenetic factor and a novel, independent risk factor for coronary heart disease. The present study aimed to assess the blood concentration of leptin in acute uraemic rats by using various peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions. Methods: To induce acute renal failure, the bilateral renal arteries were ligated via a mid-abdominal incision 1 h before starting PD. Rats were divided into four groups: 13.6 g/L glucose-containing dialysate (group L); 38.6 g/L glucose-containing dialysate (group H); 13.6 g/L glucose- and 25 g/L mannitol-containing dialysate with equal osmotic pressure to the dialysate of group H (group M); and renal failure without PD (group F). The concentrations of glucose, urea nitrogen (UN), leptin and insulin were measured at 0, 2 and 4 h after starting PD. Results: We observed significant blood UN suppression in all dialysed groups. Blood glucose was significantly higher in rats treated with the high glucose solution than in those treated with the low glucose solution. Insulin and leptin significantly increased in the high glucose solution group. There was a strong correlation between the blood glucose and insulin levels. We also found a strong correlation between the percentage changes in blood glucose and leptin. The relationship between the percentage changes in insulin and leptin were weak but significant. Conclusion: The high glucose PD solution resulted in increased circulating levels of leptin, glucose, and insulin, suggesting that these changes are linked with PD performed with glucose-based dialysis fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-261
Number of pages6
JournalNephrology
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 1

Keywords

  • High glucose solution
  • Leptin
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • in vivo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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  • Cite this

    Matsubara, K., Kiyomoto, H., Moriwaki, K., Hara, T., Kondo, N., Shokoji, T., Hitomi, H., Aki, Y., Aono, M., Nishiyama, A., Ohmori, K., & Kohno, M. (2004). Leptin kinetics during peritoneal dialysis in acutely uraemic rats. Nephrology, 9(5), 256-261. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1797.2004.00271.x