Learning and memory deficits in male adult mice treated with a benzodiazepine sleep-inducing drug during the juvenile period

Yusuke Furukawa, Kentaro Tanemura, Katsuhide Igarashi, Maky Ideta-Otsuka, Ken Ichi Aisaki, Satoshi Kitajima, Masanobu Kitagawa, Jun Kanno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system, is also known to be important for brain development. Therefore, disturbances of GABA receptor (GABA-R) mediated signaling (GABA-R signal) during brain development may influence normal brain maturation and cause late-onset brain malfunctions. In this study, we examined whether the stimulation of the GABA-R signal during brain development induces late-onset adverse effects on the brain in adult male mice. To stimulate the GABA-R signal, we used either the benzodiazepine sleep-inducing drug triazolam (TZ) or the non-benzodiazepine drug zolpidem (ZP). We detected learning and memory deficits in mice treated with TZ during the juvenile period, as seen in the fear conditioning test. On the other hand, ZP administration during the juvenile period had little effect. In addition, decreased protein expression of GluR1 and GluR4, which are excitatory neurotransmitter receptors, was detected in the hippocampi of mice treated with TZ during the juvenile period. We measured mRNA expression of the immediate early genes (IEGs), which are neuronal activity markers, in the hippocampus shortly after the administration of TZ or ZP to juvenile mice. Decreased IEG expression was detected in mice with juvenile TZ administration, but not in mice with juvenile ZP administration. Our findings demonstrate that TZ administration during the juvenile period can induce irreversible learning and memory deficits in adult mice. It may need to take an extra care for the prescription of benzodiazepine sleep-inducing drugs to juveniles because it might cause learning and memory deficits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number339
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Volume10
Issue numberJUL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Behavioral battery test
  • GABA receptor signal
  • Sleep-inducing drug
  • Triazolam
  • Zolpidem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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