Leaching test of gamma-emitting Cs, Ru, Zr, and U from neutron-irradiated UO 2/ZrO 2 solid solutions in non-filtered surface seawater

Takayuki Sasaki, Yuu Takeno, Akira Kirishima, Nobuaki Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The leaching behaviors of gamma-ray radionuclides, Cs-137, Ru-103, and Zr-95, produced by neutron irradiation of UO2/ZrO2 solid solutions, in real surface seawater were investigated under atmospheric conditions. The fraction of radionuclide inventory leached in the seawater was in the order of Cs > Ru (∼U) 蠑 Zr, indicating that the fraction was significantly affected by the chemical state of the radionuclides. However, the amount of soluble nuclides was proportional to that of uranium regardless of whether the solid solutions were prepared under an oxidative or reductive environment. A tiny fraction of Ru was filtered out by a 3 kDa nominal molecular weight cut-off filter after the 160 d leaching test, suggesting a different behavior from its ionic form, but Cs and U did not form a colloid-like species in seawater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS
  • fission products
  • fuel-debris
  • leaching
  • seawater
  • thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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