Leaching rate of hematite in nitric acid solutions in agitated vessel

Katsutoshi Matsumoto, Shoji Taniguchi, Atsushi Kikuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A kinetic study on the leaching of Fe2O3 in HNO3 solutions has been made by using agitated vessel. Three types of powder specimens, (A) reagent grade Fe2O3, (B) calcinated FeC2O4 and (C) sintered Fe2O3, were sized by a wet classification. The specific areas of these specimens were measured before and after the leaching experiments. Leaching rates of the powder specimens were measured at various conditions of rotation speed of the stirrer (n), concentration of HNO3 (CHNO(3)), and liquid temperature (T). A microscopic observation of a polished surface of a sintered Fe2O3 disk was also made after exposing the surface in HNO3 solution. The initial leaching rate was found to be independent of n and proportional to CHNO(3) and initial specific area. The apparent activation energy was 82 kJ/mol. The leaching rate beyond initial stage increased with increasing time, in spite of very small change in the specific area with leaching. From the micrograph of a partly dissolved surface of a sintered Fe2O3 disk, only the (0001) oriented crystal planes were dissolved and its surface showed coarse irregularities. From these results, the acceleration of the leaching rate was thought to be caused by the anisotropic dissolution and the increase in the surface area of the (0001) plane at the surface of each Fe2O3 particle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-296
Number of pages6
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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