Leaching of actinide elements from simulated fuel debris into seawater

Akira Kirishima, Masahiko Hirano, Takayuki Sasaki, Nobuaki Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


For the prediction of the leaching behavior of actinide elements contained in the fuel debris that has arisen from the severe accident in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), a simulated fuel debris consisting of UO2-ZrO2 solid solution doped with 137Cs, 237Np, 236Pu and 241Am tracers was synthesized, and agitated leaching tests were conducted for the simulated fuel debris in seawater. The synthesized simulated fuel debris was immersed and shaken in natural seawater collected at a coast 11 km away from Fukushima Daiichi NPS. The brief leaching test conditions were T = 25 °C and solid-liquid ratio = 4 g/l, and the test duration was up to 31 days. The ratio of tracers leached into seawater from the simulated fuel debris by the agitated leaching test for 4 days was evaluated to be 0.09% for U, 0.01% for Np, 0.01% for Pu, 0.01% for Am and 35.39% for Cs by the or γ spectrometry of the soluble fraction. The leaching of actinides from the real fuel debris in reactor units 1-3 in Fukushima Daiichi NPS is expected to be suppressed in comparison with that from normal light water reactor spent fuel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1240-1246
Number of pages7
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 3


  • Fukushima Daiichi NPS
  • actinides
  • americium
  • contaminated water
  • fuel debris
  • leaching
  • neptunium
  • plutonium
  • seawater
  • uranium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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