Leaching behavior of gamma-emitting fission products and Np from neutron-irradiated UO2-ZrO2 solid solutions in non-filtered surface seawater

Takayuki Sasaki, Yuu Takeno, Taishi Kobayashi, Akira Kirishima, Nobuaki Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gamma ray radionuclides Cs-137, Ba-140, I-131, Ce-141, Ru-103, Zr-95, and Np-239 were produced by neutron irradiation of UO2-ZrO2 solid solutions that were synthesized as simulated fuel debris under reducing and oxidizing conditions. The leaching ratio of radionuclides was investigated under atmospheric conditions at 25 °C for non-filtered natural surface seawater, as well as deionized water after filtration with a membrane of 0.45-m pore size or that of nominal molecular weight limit of 3 kDa. The uranium molar concentration was affected by the oxidation state in the solid solution samples. The congruent dissolution of Cs, I, and Ba with the hexavalent uranium of U3O8 was facilitated in the seawater samples, whereas a lower leaching ratio of nuclides was observed in the deionized water samples. Neptunium-239, originally produced from uranium-238 in U3O8, showed behavior that was similar to that of Cs, I, and Ba. However, the dissolution of Np (as a parent nuclide of Pu-239) in the debris of UO2 and UO2-ZrO2 was suppressed in the same manner as Zr(IV) and Ce(IV). The concentration exhibited no filtration dependence after 15 d, which shows that most of the leached nuclides can exist in their ionic form in seawater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-311
Number of pages9
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 3

Keywords

  • Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS
  • fission products
  • fuel debris
  • neptunium
  • seawater
  • solid solutions
  • static leaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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