LAX PANICLE2 of rice encodes a novel nuclear protein and regulates the formation of axillary meristems

Hiroaki Tabuchi, Yu Zhang, Susumu Hattori, Minami Omae, Sae Shimizu-Sato, Tetsuo Oikawa, Qian Qian, Minoru Nishimura, Hidemi Kitano, He Xie, Xiaohua Fang, Hitoshi Yoshida, Junko Kyozuka, Fan Chen, Yutaka Sato

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    117 Citations (Scopus)


    Aerial architecture in higher plants is dependent on the activity of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) and axillary meristems (AMs). The SAM produces a main shoot and leaf primordia, while AMs are generated at the axils of leaf primordia and give rise to branches and flowers. Therefore, the formation of AMs is a critical step in the construction of plant architecture. Here, we characterized the rice (Oryza sativa) lax panicle2 (lax2) mutant, which has altered AM formation. LAX2 regulates the branching of the aboveground parts of a rice plant throughout plant development, except for the primary branch in the panicle. The lax2 mutant is similar to lax panicle1 (lax1) in that it lacks an AM in most of the lateral branching of the panicle and has a reduced number of AMs at the vegetative stage. The lax1 lax2 double mutant synergistically enhances the reduced-branching phenotype, indicating the presence of multiple pathways for branching. LAX2 encodes a nuclear protein that contains a plant-specific conserved domain and physically interacts with LAX1. We propose that LAX2 is a novel factor that acts together with LAX1 in rice to regulate the process of AM formation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3276-3287
    Number of pages12
    JournalPlant Cell
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Plant Science
    • Cell Biology

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