Motivated by the unique geometry and novel properties of penta-graphene proposed recently as a new carbon allotrope consisting of pure pentagons [Zhang et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2015, 112, 2372], we systematically investigated its phonon transport properties by solving exactly the linearized phonon Boltzmann transport equation combined with first principles calculations. The intrinsic lattice thermal conductivity Klat of penta-graphene is found to be about 645 W/mK at room temperature, which is significantly reduced as compared to that of graphene. The underlying reason is the strong anharmonic effect introduced by the buckled pentagonal structure with hybridized sp2 and sp3 bonding. A detailed analysis of the phonons of penta-graphene reveals that the ZA mode is the primary heat carrier (nearly 60%). The Klat is dominated by three-phonon scattering where the scattering rate of the Normal scattering process is comparable to that of the Umklapp scattering process. The phonon mean free path of the collective phonon excitations is in the order of micrometers. Complementing the high thermal conductivity of graphene, the low thermal conductivity of penta-graphene adds additional features to the family of carbon materials for thermal applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)