Lateral terahertz hot-electron bolometer based on an array of Sn nanothreads in GaAs

D. S. Ponomarev, D. V. Lavrukhin, A. E. Yachmenev, R. A. Khabibullin, I. E. Semenikhin, V. V. Vyurkov, M. Ryzhii, T. Otsuji, V. Ryzhii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the proposal and the theoretical and experimental studies of the terahertz hot-electron bolometer (THz HEB) based on a gated GaAs structure like the field-effect transistor with the array of parallel Sn nanothreads (Sn-NTs). The operation of the HEB is associated with an increase in the density of the delocalized electrons due to their heating by the incoming THz radiation. The quantum and the classical device models were developed, the quantum one was based on the self-consistent solution of the Poisson and Schrödinger equations, the classical model involved the Poisson equation and density of states omitting quantization. We calculated the electron energy distributions in the channels formed around the Sn-NTs for different gate voltages and found the fraction of the delocalized electrons propagating across the energy barriers between the NTs. Since the fraction of the delocalized electrons strongly depends on the average electron energy (effective temperature), the proposed THz HEB can exhibit an elevated responsivity compared with the HEBs based on more standard heterostructures. Due to a substantial anisotropy of the device structure, the THz HEB may demonstrate a noticeable polarization selectivity of the response to the in-plane polarized THz radiation. The features of the THz HEB might be useful in their practical applications in biology, medicine and material science.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135101
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume51
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 7

Keywords

  • delocalized electrons
  • gated GaAs structures
  • self-consistent solution of the Poisson and Schrdinger equations
  • terahertz detectors
  • terahertz hot-electron bolometer
  • vicinal GaAs substrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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