Scanning nonlinear dielectric microscopy (SNDM) can be used to visualize polarization distributions in ferroelectric materials and dopant profiles in semiconductor devices. Without using a special sharp tip, we achieved an improved lateral resolution in SNDM through the measurement of super-higher-order nonlinearity up to the fourth order. We observed a multidomain single crystal congruent LiTaO3 (CLT) sample, and a cross section of a metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) field-effect-transistor (FET). The imaged domain boundaries of the CLT were narrower in the super-higher-order images than in the conventional image. Compared to the conventional method, the super-higher-order method resolved the more detailed structure of the MOSFET.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)