The Paleogene marine sequences of the Dungan, Shaheed Ghat, Baska and Kirthar Formations are exposed at several places in the Sulaiman fold and thrust belt in central Pakistan. The lowermost Dungan Formation unconformably overlies the open marine Maastrichtian Pab Sandstone, being distributed widely along both limbs of the Zinda Pir Anticline area and in the Rakhi Nala area. The Dungan Formation is composed mainly of black-colored siltstone with some intercalations of sandstone in the base and many interbeds of limestone in the upper part. The strata from all three sections have yielded abundant and well-preserved Paleocene-Eocene planktic foraminifers and about 50 species belonging to nine genera are identified from this sequence. Zones P3 to P7 of the tropical zonal schemes were recognized, furthermore, Zones P3 and P4 are subdivided into two subzones (Subzones A and B), respectively. These assemblages contain a new species Globanomalina rakhiensis in the Rakhi Nala section. A late Paleocene through early Eocene age is assigned to the Dungan Formation. The quantitative data of each species indicates that the Dungan Formation was deposited in a relatively deep to open marine environment, probably forming a continental slope dipping from east to west.
|Number of pages||27|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Dec 1|
- Dungan formation
- Planktic foraminifera
- Sulaiman range
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics