Large substituent effects were observed in the rates and reaction mechanisms of the photochemical rearrangement of N-arylaza-fulleroid 1 to N-arylaziridino-fullerene 2, in which the difference of the rates between the fastest and the slowest (>2160-fold) was attained only by changing the aryl group from 1-naphthyl to 2-naphthyl. The decreasing order of the reaction rates in relation to the substituents was 1-naphthyl (1b) > 1-pyrenyl (1d) > phenyl (1a) > 2-naphthyl (1c). The reactions proceeded via triplet states of the fulleroids and a triplet sensitization of the reaction by rearranged product 2b was observed in the case of 1b. The slow reactions of 1a,c were interpretated by the participation of charge-separated species in the excited triplet states, which was supported by nanosecond transient absorption spectra.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry