Large Scale Retrieval and Generation of Image Descriptions

Vicente Ordonez, Xufeng Han, Polina Kuznetsova, Girish Kulkarni, Margaret Mitchell, Kota Yamaguchi, Karl Stratos, Amit Goyal, Jesse Dodge, Alyssa Mensch, Hal Daumé, Alexander C. Berg, Yejin Choi, Tamara L. Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

What is the story of an image? What is the relationship between pictures, language, and information we can extract using state of the art computational recognition systems? In an attempt to address both of these questions, we explore methods for retrieving and generating natural language descriptions for images. Ideally, we would like our generated textual descriptions (captions) to both sound like a person wrote them, and also remain true to the image content. To do this we develop data-driven approaches for image description generation, using retrieval-based techniques to gather either: (a) whole captions associated with a visually similar image, or (b) relevant bits of text (phrases) from a large collection of image + description pairs. In the case of (b), we develop optimization algorithms to merge the retrieved phrases into valid natural language sentences. The end result is two simple, but effective, methods for harnessing the power of big data to produce image captions that are altogether more general, relevant, and human-like than previous attempts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-59
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Vision
Volume119
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Big data
  • Data driven
  • Image description
  • Natural language processing
  • Retrieval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence

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  • Cite this

    Ordonez, V., Han, X., Kuznetsova, P., Kulkarni, G., Mitchell, M., Yamaguchi, K., Stratos, K., Goyal, A., Dodge, J., Mensch, A., Daumé, H., Berg, A. C., Choi, Y., & Berg, T. L. (2016). Large Scale Retrieval and Generation of Image Descriptions. International Journal of Computer Vision, 119(1), 46-59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11263-015-0840-y