Large-scale collection of full-length cDNA and transcriptome analysis in Hevea brasiliensis

Yuko Makita, Kiaw Kiaw Ng, G. Veera Singham, Mika Kawashima, Hideki Hirakawa, Shusei Sato, Ahmad Sofiman Othman, Minami Matsui

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Natural rubber has unique physical properties that cannot be replaced by products from other latex-producing plants or petrochemically produced synthetic rubbers. Rubber from Hevea brasiliensis is the main commercial source for this natural rubber that has a cis-polyisoprene configuration. For sustainable production of enough rubber to meet demand elucidation of the molecular mechanisms involved in the production of latex is vital. To this end, we firstly constructed rubber full-length cDNA libraries of RRIM 600 cultivar and sequenced around 20,000 clones by the Sanger method and over 15,000 contigs by Illumina sequencer. With these data, we updated around 5,500 gene structures and newly annotated around 9,500 transcription start sites. Second, to elucidate the rubber biosynthetic pathways and their transcriptional regulation, we carried out tissue- and cultivar-specific RNA-Seq analysis. By using our recently published genome sequence, we confirmed the expression patterns of the rubber biosynthetic genes. Our data suggest that the cytoplasmic mevalonate (MVA) pathway is the main route for isoprenoid biosynthesis in latex production. In addition to the well-studied polymerization factors, we suggest that rubber elongation factor 8 (REF8) is a candidate factor in cis-polyisoprene biosynthesis. We have also identified 39 transcription factors that may be key regulators in latex production. Expression profile analysis using two additional cultivars, RRIM 901 and PB 350, via an RNA-Seq approach revealed possible expression differences between a high latex-yielding cultivar and a disease-resistant cultivar.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159-167
    Number of pages9
    JournalDNA Research
    Volume24
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

    Keywords

    • RNA-Seq
    • full-length cDNA
    • latex
    • rubber biosynthesis
    • transcription factor

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Biology
    • Genetics

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