Large Earthquakes and Structural Heterogeneity in Eastern Tibetan Plateau

Jianshe Lei, Dapeng Zhao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We review recent studies of seismic tomography and earthquake sequences and discuss their implications for seismotectonics and mantle dynamics beneath eastern Tibet. The crustal structures in the source areas of the 2008 Ms 8.0 Wenchuan and the 2013 Ms 7.0 Lushan earthquakes are similar and exhibit prominent low-velocity (low-V) and high-Poisson's ratio anomalies in the source zones, indicating that in addition to compositional variations, fluid-filled rock matrices exist in the Longmenshan fault zone, which may have influenced the nucleation of the two earthquakes. Significant low-V anomalies are revealed between the Wenchuan and Lushan mainshocks, which may explain why their aftershock zones extend northward and southward, respectively. The relocated aftershocks of the 2011 Ms 5.8 Yingjiang and the 2014 Ms 6.5 Ludian earthquakes show a conjugateshaped distribution, which may explain why the two moderate-sized earthquakes caused heavy damage. Epicenters of the large earthquakes in eastern Tibet are located at boundaries of low- or high-velocity anomalies in the upper mantle. The structural heterogeneities in the crust and upper mantle are associated with hot and wet upwelling and corner flows in the big mantle wedge above the subducting Indian slab beneath eastern Tibet, as well as slab dehydration, which affect the seismogenesis in the region.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlate Boundaries and Natural Hazards
Publisherwiley
Pages167-191
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9781119054146
ISBN (Print)9781119053972
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 18

Keywords

  • Eastern Tibetan Plateau
  • Large earthquakes
  • Lushan mainshocks
  • Seismogenesis
  • Structural heterogeneity
  • Wenchuan mainshocks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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