Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Calot's triangle, and variations in cystic arterial supply

M. Suzuki, S. Akaishi, T. Rikiyama, T. Naitoh, M. M. Rahman, S. Matsuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The extrahepatic biliary tree with the exact anatomic features of the arterial supply observed by laparoscopic means has not been described heretofore. Iatrogenic injuries of the extrahepatic biliary tree and neighboring blood vessels are not rare. Accidents involving vessels or the common bile duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with or without choledocotomy, can be avoided by careful dissection of Calot's triangle and the hepatoduodenal ligament. Methods: We performed 244 laparoscopic cholecystectomies over a 2-year period between January 1, 1995 and January 1, 1997. Results: In 187 of 244 consecutive cases (76.6%), we found a typical arterial supply anteromedial to the cystic duct, near the sentinel cystic lymph node. In the other cases, there was an atypical arterial supply, and 27 of these cases (11.1%) had no cystic artery in Calot's triangle. A typical blood supply and accessory arteries were observed in 18 cases (7.4%). Conclusion: Young surgeons who are not yet familiar with the handling of an anatomically abnormal cystic blood supply need to be more aware of the precise anatomy of the extrahepatic biliary tree.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-144
Number of pages4
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Feb


  • Calot's triangle
  • Cystic artery
  • Gallbladder
  • Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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