Lactobacillus plantarum AS1 binds to cultured human intestinal cell line HT-29 and inhibits cell attachment by enterovirulent bacterium Vibrio parahaemolyticus

R. Satish Kumar, P. Kanmani, N. Yuvaraj, K. A. Paari, V. Pattukumar, V. Arul

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aim: Lactobacillus plantarum AS1 was incubated with HT-29 adenocarcinoma cell line to assess its adhesion potency and examined for its inhibitory effect on the cell attachment by an enterovirulent bacterium Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Methods and Results: Lactobacillus plantarum AS1 attached efficiently to HT-29 cells as revealed by scanning electron microscopy and bacterial adhesion assay. Lactobacillus plantarum AS1 significantly reduced V. parahaemolyticus attached to HT-29 cells by competition, exclusion and displacement mode. Lactobacillus plantarum AS1 seems to adhere to human intestinal cells via mechanisms that involve different combinations of carbohydrate and protein factors on the bacteria and eukaryotic cell surface. Conclusion: Strain Lact. plantarum AS1 inhibits the cell attachment of a pathogen V. parahaemolyticus by steric hindrance mechanism. Also, antibacterial factors such as bacteriocins, lactic acid and exopolysaccharides could be involved. Significance and Impact of the Study: The ability to inhibit the adhesion of V. parahaemolyticus to intestinal cell line warrants further investigation to explore the use of probiotic strain Lact. plantarum AS1 in the management of gastroenteritis caused by V. parahaemolyticus.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)481-487
    Number of pages7
    JournalLetters in Applied Microbiology
    Volume53
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct

    Keywords

    • Cell adhesion
    • HT-29 cells
    • Lactobacillus plantarum AS1
    • Vibrio parahaemolyticus

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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