Lactate adsorption by layered double hydroxides in aqueous solution and cell culture medium

Tomohito Kameda, Hanako Kikuchi, Fumihiko Kitagawa, Shogo Kumagai, Yuko Saito, Masayuki Kondo, Yoichi Jimbo, Toshiaki Yoshioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


When cells proliferate in a culture medium, metabolites such as lactic acid gradually accumulate and eventually hinder cell growth. Herein, we considered various layered double hydroxides (LDH) and layered double oxides (LDO) for the selective removal of lactate in aqueous solution and a culture medium by anion exchange. NO3M[rad]Mg-Al LDH showed high lactate adsorption, low adsorption of glucose (a nutrient in culture medium), appropriate pH stability, and low cytotoxicity within a limited contact time. In contrast, NO3[rad]Ni-Al LDH, NO3[rad]Ca-Al LDH, Mg-Al LDO, and Cl[rad]Mg-Al LDH had a lower performance than NO3[rad]Mg-Al LDH. To further improve the performance, the anion of 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid (HEPES, a common pH buffer in culture media) was tested as the intercalated anion in Mg-Al LDH. HEPES[rad]Mg-Al LDH (Mg/Al = 2) was found to be the most promising adsorbent for culture medium regeneration because its adsorption behavior was similar to that of NO3[rad]Mg-Al LDH, while it had a much lower cytotoxicity. The traditional methods for regenerating a culture medium by removing accumulated lactate to increase the cell density in large-scale cell culture and lower the costs, including electrolysis, cell modification, and modification of the culture medium's composition, are complicated to operate and expensive. The adsorption method using HEPES[rad]Mg-Al LDH presented in this study, instead, can be easily operated and has low costs. Thus, it is expected to be applied in actual cases for regenerating culture media.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125975
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 5


  • Adsorption
  • Culture medium
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Lactate
  • Layered double hydroxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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