La-related protein 4 as a suppressor for motility of ovarian cancer cells

Mahy Egiz, Toshinori Usui, Masumi Ishibashi, Xuewei Zhang, Shogo Shigeta, Masafumi Toyoshima, Kazuyuki Kitatani, Nobuo Yaegashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The La-related proteins (LARPs) are a family of RNA binding proteins that control the degradation and stabilization of RNAs. As emerging research reveals the biology of each LARP, it is evident that LARPs are dysregulated in some types of cancer. Upregulation of cell motility potentiates the metastatic potential of ovarian cancer cells; however, the roles of LARPs in cell motility remain unknown. In the present study, we investigated the roles of LARPs in the progression of ovarian cancer using SKOV3 human ovarian cancer cells and a public database that integrates microarray-based gene expression data and clinical data. To explore the involvement of LARPs in the cell motility, we performed RNA interference screening for LARP mRNAs in SKOV3 cells. The screening identified LARP4 as a potential suppressor of the formation of lamellipodia. Conversely, enforced expression of LARP4 suppressed the formation of lamellipodia. Moreover, cell migration was significantly increased in LARP4-depleted SKOV3 cells. Mechanistically, LARP4 depletion was associated with the decrease in RhoA protein expression. These results suggest that LARP4 may limit RhoA-dependent cell motility. In a mouse xenograft model with SKOV3 cells, LARP4 depletion potentiated peritoneal metastasis. Upon analysis of a public database of patients with ovarian cancer, the LARP4 mRNA-high expression group (n = 166) showed longer overall survival compared with the LARP4 mRNA-low expression group (n = 489), implying a positive correlation of LARP4 mRNA levels in ovarian cancer tissues with patient prognosis. Taken together, we propose that LARP4 could suppress motility and metastatic potential of ovarian cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Volume247
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan

Keywords

  • Cell motility
  • La-related protein 4
  • Metastasis
  • Ovarian cancer
  • RhoA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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