Knockout of glutelin genes which form a tandem array with a high level of homology in rice by gamma irradiation

Ryouhei Morita, Makoto Kusaba, Shuichi Iida, Takeshi Nishio, Minoru Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the course of evolution, a gene is often duplicated in tandem, resulting in a functional redundancy. The analysis of function of these genes by raising double mutant might be difficult because they are very tightly linked. We described here a mutant of such a tandem duplicated gene. glu1 is a gamma-ray-induced rice mutant, which lacks an acidic subunit of glutelin, a major seed storage protein. We found that glu1 harbors a 129.7-kb deletion involving two highly similar and tandem repeated glutelin genes, GluB5 and GluB4. The deletion eliminated the entire GluB5 and GluB4 gene except half of the first exon of GluB5. GluB5 and GluB4 have the same amino acid sequence in the acidic subunit, suggesting that only the mutation involving both GluB5 and GluB4 results in the lack of the glutelin acidic subunit deleted in glu1. Our finding suggests that gamma-ray can be an effective mutagen to analyze tandem repeated and functionally redundant genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-327
Number of pages7
JournalGenes and Genetic Systems
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct 10

Keywords

  • Gamma-irradiation
  • Knockout
  • Large deletion
  • Oryza sativa L.
  • Tandem array

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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