The CACNA1A gene encodes the poreforming, voltage-sensitive subunit of the voltage-dependent Cav2.1 calcium channel. Mutations in this gene have been linked to several human disorders, including familial hemiplegic migraine type 1, episodic ataxia type 2, and spinocerebellar ataxia type 6. In mice, mutations of the homolog Cacna1a cause recessively inherited phenotypes in tottering, rolling Nagoya, rocker, and leaner mice. Here we describe two knockdown mice with 28.4 ± 3.4% and 13.8 ± 3.3% of the wild-type Cav2.1 quantity. 28.4 ± 3.4% level mutants displayed ataxia, absence-like seizures and progressive cerebellar atrophy, although they had a normal life span. Mutants with 13.8 ± 3.3% level exhibited ataxia severer than the 28.4 ± 3.4% level mutants, absence-like seizures and additionally paroxysmal dyskinesia, and died premature around 3 weeks of age. These results indicate that knock down of Cav2.1 quantity to 13.8 ± 3.3% of the wild-type level are sufficient to induce the all neurological disorders observed in natural occurring Cacna1a mutants. These knockdown animals with Cav2.1 calcium channels intact can contribute to functional studies of the molecule in the disease.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Dec 18|
- Cerebellar atrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology