The proliferation of pluripotent stem cells in mass cell culture is hindered by the release of cell metabolites such as lactate and ammonia. In this work, a porous strong-acid cation exchange resin (PK216LH) and Mg–Al layered doubled oxide (LDO) were used to take up NH4+ and lactate, respectively. Initially, PK216LH could take up NH4+ from an aqueous solution. The uptake of NH4+ by PK216LH followed pseudo-second-order kinetics and corresponded to the Langmuir adsorption isotherm, with an apparent activation energy of 28.2 kJ/mol and a maximum adsorption amount of 1.38 mmol/g. The simultaneous use of Mg–Al LDO and PK216LH could not sufficiently take up lactate and NH4+. In contrast, the individual use of Mg–Al LDO and PK216LH in two stages enabled efficient removal of lactate and NH4+.
- Cation exchange resin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Process Chemistry and Technology