Kinetic features of wear-resistant coating growth by plasma electrolytic oxidation

Satish Tailor, Alexander G. Rakoch, Alexandra A. Gladkova, Phan Van Truong, Daria M. Strekalina, Georgia Sourkouni, S. Y. Manjunath, Toshiyuki Takagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The kinetic features of coating growth on titanium alloy Ti-6A1-4V by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) are investigated. It was observed that the coating growth rate decreases significantly with the increasing of the PEO time treatment. At the same time, large longitudinal pores (cracks) were formed; thus, the major part of the coating is separated from the substrate. Coating growth is realized by the two mechanisms: (a) migration-diffusional and (b) thermochemical treatment of the deposited aluminum hydroxide (electrolysis) and oxidation of the substrate at the bottom of the coating pores. It presumably occurs due to the saturation of the electrolyte in the pores with titanium hydroxide and the relatively low intensity of the microdischarges, which is insufficient to eject the substance from the channels for 'pancake' formation. This increases the amount of the aluminum titanate (TiAl2O5) in the coating. The latter presumably forms due to a eutectic reaction in the coating or due to the exothermic reactions of titanium dioxide formation. The TiAl2O5-based coating containing at least 10% aluminum oxide -Al2O3 (more than 20% in the outer layer) and 11% titanium dioxide (TiO2) increases the wear resistance of the titanium alloy at least six times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalSurface Innovations
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 3

Keywords

  • Oxidation
  • Protective coating
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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