This is the first report of impedance technique run on single particle LiCoO2 electrodes with the aim of clarifying its electronic and ionic transport properties. Measurements were successfully conducted on a LiCoO2 particle of 15 μm diam resulting in impedance magnitude on the order of MΩ. The impedance spectra exhibited (i) one semicircle in the high frequency region, (ii) Warburg impedance in low frequencies, and finally, (iii) a limiting capacitance in the very low frequencies. The spectra were analyzed using a modified Randles-Ershler circuit, so that the reaction kinetics could be precisely evaluated. The charge transfer resistance decreased as the potential increased, whereas the double layer capacitance was almost invariant with the potential. Thus, the apparent chemical diffusion coefficient (Dapp) of lithium ions was determined to be 1011 to 10-7 cm2/s as function of electrode potential. These results are in agreement with those obtained by potential step chronoamperometry technique.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry