Japonica Array NEO with increased genome-wide coverage and abundant disease risk SNPs

Mika Sakurai-Yageta, Kazuki Kumada, Chinatsu Gocho, Satoshi Makino, Akira Uruno, Shu Tadaka, Ikuko N. Motoike, Masae Kimura, Shin Ito, Akihito Otsuki, Akira Narita, Hisaaki Kudo, Yuichi Aoki, Inaho Danjoh, Jun Yasuda, Hiroshi Kawame, Naoko Minegishi, Seizo Koshiba, Nobuo Fuse, Gen TamiyaMasayuki Yamamoto, Kengo Kinoshita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ethnic-specific SNP arrays are becoming more important to increase the power of genome-wide association studies in diverse population. In the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project, we have been developing a series of Japonica Arrays (JPA) for genotyping participants based on reference panels constructed from whole-genome sequence data of the Japanese population. Here, we designed a novel version of the SNP array for the Japanese population, called Japonica Array NEO (JPA NEO), comprising a total of 666,883 markers. Among them, 654,246 tag SNPs of autosomes and X chromosome were selected from an expanded reference panel of 3,552 Japanese, 3.5KJPNv2, using pairwise r2 of linkage disequilibrium measures. Additionally, 28,298 markers were included for the evaluation of previously identified disease risk markers from the literature and databases, and those present in the Japanese population were extracted using the reference panel. Through genotyping 286 Japanese samples, we found that the imputation quality r2 and INFO score in the minor allele frequency bin >2.5-5% were >0.9 and >0.8, respectively, and >12 million markers were imputed with an INFO score >0.8. From these results, JPA NEO is a promising tool for genotyping the Japanese population with genome-wide coverage, contributing to the development of genetic risk scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-410
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume170
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Tohoku Medical Megabank Project
  • disease risk alleles
  • ethnic-specific SNP array
  • genome-wide coverage
  • genotype imputation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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