The aim of this chapter is to consider the status of Japanese women scientists. First, the historical conditions of Japanese women scientists have been surveyed, and then their present situation is examined and described. Finally, new strategies for women in science and technology (S&T) in the twenty-first century are introduced. It is easy to understand why there were few women scientists in the past. The simple fact is that women were excluded from the universities and academic associations. The question is, why are there still so few women scientists now that such discrimination has ended? Institutional equality with men does not seem to be enough for women to be fully active as scientists, even though they have far better circumstances than before; they can enter graduate schools and set themselves up in science if they wish. Why then, in spite of this, do so few women become scientists or engineers? The fact that women's careers may be interrupted by marriage, childbirth, and childrearing is not a sufficient reason for there being such few women scientists. These difficulties are just as common in other professions. The ‘leaking pipeline’ and ‘glass ceiling’ that women meet in the pursuit of their careers are not problems specific to women scientists. All this suggests that we should consider the nature of scientific knowledge as well as the social problems associated with it (Sonnet, 1995: 8–13).
|Title of host publication||Gender and Science|
|Subtitle of host publication||Studies across Cultures|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities(all)