Isozyme-specific histone deacetylase 1/2 inhibitor K560 attenuates oxidative stress-induced retinal cell death

Hiroshi Tawarayama, Yoshiyuki Hirata, Uchida Keiko, Noriko Himori, Shinichi Uesato, Toru Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Oxidative stress-induced damage is an underlying mechanism in the pathogenesis of age-related retinal diseases. Here, we examined the effects of K560, a potential candidate drug for the treatment of these diseases, on oxidative stress-induced retinal cell death. K560 is a novel isozyme-specific inhibitor of histone deacetylase 1 and 2 (HDAC1/2). Histone acetylation in retinal lysates and dissociated retinal cells was detected with a western blot analysis and cell-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The viability of mouse retinal cells was measured with an alamarBlue assay. We used immunohistochemistry for RNA binding protein with multiple splicing (RBPMS) to visualize the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of mice. An ELISA analysis indicated that histone acetylation was enhanced in dissociated mouse retinal cells treated with K560. The cell viability assay indicated that K560 attenuated both exogenous hydrogen peroxide–induced and endogenous oxidative stress–induced cell death in dissociated retinal cells. Western blot analysis indicated that intravitreal K560 administration enhanced the acetylation of histones H3 and H4 in mouse retinal lysates. To examine the effect of K560 on oxidative stress–induced RGC death, we performed whole-mount immunohistochemistry for RBPMS on retinas dissected from eyes treated with K560 or vehicle on day one, and K560 or vehicle and NMDA on day two. Quantification of RBPMS-immunopositive cells indicated that K560 attenuated NMDA-induced RGC death. Taken together, our findings suggest that administration of a HDAC1/2-specific inhibitor K560 may be effective in the treatment of oxidative stress–mediated retinal degeneration and have less cytotoxicity than other known HDAC inhibitors, which are known to target a wide range of HDAC family members.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136978
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 10


  • HDAC1/2 inhibitor
  • K560
  • NMDA
  • Oxidative stress
  • Retinal cell death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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