Background: Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) is an important enzyme that oxidatively decarboxylates isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate, and three isoforms (IDH1-3) have been identified. Overexpression and/or downregulation of IDH isoforms was reported in several human malignancies, suggesting importance of IDH in oncogenesis. However, significance of IDH isoforms remains largely unclear in the breast carcinoma. Methods: We immunolocalized IDH1, IDH2 and IDH3α in 226 breast carcinomas and evaluated their clinical significance. Subsequently, we examined effects of IDH2 on proliferation in breast carcinoma cells. Results: Immunoreactivity of IDH1-3α was detected in 53%, 38% and 41% of breast carcinomas, and the non-neoplastic epithelium was IDH1-positive, IDH2-negative and IDH3α-positive. IDH1 immunoreactivity was inversely associated with pathological T factor (pT) and Ki-67 in the breast carcinoma, while IDH3α immunoreactivity was not significantly associated with clinicopathological factors. IDH2 status was positively correlated with stage, pT, histological grade, HER2, Ki-67 and microvessel density. Moreover, IDH2 status was significantly associated with worse prognosis of the patients, and it turned out an independent prognostic factor for estrogen-receptor (ER) positive patients. These findings were more evident in the IDH1-negative / IDH2-positive/IDH3α-negative subgroup which is the opposite immunohistochemical IDH phenotype of normal mammary epithelium. In vitro studies demonstrated that RNA interference of IDH2 significantly decreased proliferation activity of T47D and SKBR-3 cells. Conclusion: These results suggest that IDH2 is associated with an aggressive phenotype of breast carcinoma through increasing cell proliferation, different from IDH1 and IDH3α, and immunohistochemical IDH2 status is a potent prognostic factor especially in ER-positive breast cancer patients.
- Breast cancer
- Estrogen receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Pharmacology (medical)