OBJECTIVE. The purposes of this article are to describe the important role of the medullary arteries in the pathogenesis of cerebral vascular disease and to present a classification of MRI findings of ischemic white matter lesions for use in elucidating pathogenesis. CONCLUSION. From the viewpoint of the anatomy of the medullary arteries, the pattern of medullary artery-related ischemic changes and infarcts can be classified into four types: 1, ischemic leukoaraiosis; 2, infarcts involving individual medullary arteries; 3, watershed infarcts; and 4, territorial infarcts.
- Cerebral white matter
- Medullary artery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging