Radiation effects in components and materials will be one of the most serious technological issues in nuclear fusion systems realizing burning-plasmas. Especially, diagnostic components, which should play a crucial role in controlling plasmas and understanding the physics of burning-plasmas, will be exposed to high-flux neutrons and gamma rays. Dynamic radiation effects will affect the performance of components substantially from the beginning of exposure to radiation environments, and accumulated radiation effects will gradually degrade their functioning abilities in the course of their service. High-power-density fission reactors will be the only realistic tools to simulate the radiation environments expected to occur in burning-plasma fusion machines such as the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), at present. Some key diagnostic components, namely magnetic coils, bolometers, and optical fibres, were irradiation-tested in a fission reactor, to evaluate their performances in heavy radiation environments. Results indicate that ITER-relevant radiation-resistant diagnostic components could be developed in time, although there are still some technological problems to be overcome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics