An iron-N-heterocyclic carbene catalyst generated from an iron(III) salt, an imidazolinium salt, and a Grignard reagent promotes alkylation and alkenylation reactions at the indole C2-position with vinylarenes and internal alkynes, respectively, via imine-directed C-H activation. The former reaction affords 1,1-diarylalkane derivatives with exclusive regioselectivity. Deuterium-labeling experiments suggest that these reactions involve oxidative addition of the C-H bond to the iron center, insertion of the unsaturated bond into the Fe-H bond, and C-C reductive elimination.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry