To find a new phase with the potential to improve the high-temperature strength of Ir-based superalloys, the novel idea of introducing silicides into the Ir-Nb binary was implemented. Hypoeutectic Ir-10Nb, eutectic Ir-16Nb, and hypereutectic Ir-25Nb alloys were used as bases, and 5 mol pct Si was added through the removal of Ir. XRD (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and electron-probe microanalysis (EPMA) revealed the formation of a three-phase fcc/L12/ silicide microstructure in the Ir-Nb-Si ternary after Si addition. The type of silicide formed was dependent on heat-treated temperatures and Nb content. After heat treatment at 1750 °C and 1600 °C, a tie-triangle composed of fcc/L12/silicide (Ir2Si) appeared in the Ir-10Nb-5Si and Ir-16Nb-5Si alloys; in the Ir-25Nb-5Si alloy, an L12 and silicide (Ir,Nb)2Si tie-line was observed. In the as-cast and 1300 °C heat-treated samples, the Ir-10Nb-5Si microstructure changed to a two-phase fcc/silicide structure, while the Ir-16Nb-5Si alloy maintained a three-phase fcc/L12/silicide structure. The Ir-25Nb-5Si alloy, however, had the same phases as that at 1600 °C. Silicides typically continuously or discontinuously distribute along the interdendritic regions or grain boundaries of the fcc: or the L12 phase. With the addition of Si, it was found that both the eutectic point and solid solubility of Nb in Ir would shift toward Ir.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Jun|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys