Fluid and enzyme secretion from a number of mammalian exocrine glands is controlled by the action of neurotransmitters and hormones on acinar cell membranes. Sustained stimulation evoking sustained fluid and enzyme secretion also evokes sustained membrane depolarization and increase in conductance. Mouse and rat pancreatic fluid and enzyme secretion, as well as membrane depolarization and conductance increase evoked by sustained stimulation with acetylcholine or cholecystokinin-gastrin peptides, are acutely dependent on extracellular calcium. However, the initial stimulant-evoked conductance increase and secretion appear to be triggered by calcium released from inside the cells. Direct measurement of membrane current during sustained stimulation in voltage-clamp experiments with resolution of the total current into its Na, Cl and K components has allowed calculations of stimulant-evoked Na and Cl uptake into the acinar cells. The NaCl uptake is quantitatively sufficient to account for the stimulant-evoked fluid secretion. The role of the stimulant-evoked transmembrane ionic current appears to be the supply of salt for the fluid secretion. Calcium derived from intracellular sources in the initial phase of secretion, and from the extracellular fluid in the sustained phase, couples fluid and enzyme secretion to hormone-receptor interaction.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1981 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)