Ion transport by the thermally rectified brownian ratchet

Taku Ohara, Takeo Nakano, Daichi Torii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Brownian ratchet is a mechanism that is effective in nanoscale for ion transport and molecular motor, in which isotropic thermal diffusion of charged particles such as ions is rectified by some asymmetric ratcheting and net mass flux in a certain direction is generated. The principle is important for future design of novel devices for particles separation, molecular motors, and ion pumps. In the present article, it is demonstrated that the combination of a nonuniform temperature field and a spatially symmetric ratchet, either of which induces no net mass transport when being applied alone, works to rectify the thermal mass diffusion and generate net mass flux of charged particles. This finding is important in the following two points: It adds a new mode of the Brownian ratchet to rectify the diffusion of particles and suggests a new method to transport particles utilizing a preexisting temperature gradient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-153
Number of pages10
JournalNanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Brownian ratchet
  • Ion transport
  • Microchip
  • Temperature gradient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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