Ion-conductive mechanism in liquid crystalline molecules having polyether segment

Masahiro Yoshizawa, Tomohiro Mukai, Toshihiro Ohtake, Kiyoshi Kanie, Takashi Kato, Hiroyuki Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of liquid crystalline molecules, α,ω-bis{4-[(4′-pentyloxy (or -octyloxy)-4-biphenylyl)-carbonyloxy]phenyl}oligo(oxyethylene)s, was synthesized to prepare oriented oligo(oxyethylene) chains. The complexes with LiCF3SO3 spontaneously formed a smectic phase. Since a rigid rod part cannot solubilize the inorganic salts, the oxyethylene moieties form the ion-conductive layers in the smectic phase. The anisotropic ionic conductivity was measured by an impedance analyzer with gold comb-shaped electrode deposited on a glass substrate between Au teeth. The ionic conductivity between the gold teeth increased to 10-3 S cm-1 at 142 °C, but it dropped considerably to 10-4 S cm-1 above that temperature. The temperature corresponded to the isotropization point of the complex. Homeotropic orientation of the liquid crystalline complex enables to make a successive ion-conducting pathway, which is effective to obtain higher ionic conductivity. The effect of the added salts on the ionic conductivity was also analyzed. Higher ionic conductivity was obtained when the liquid crystals were complexed with LiCF3SO3. There is a suitable ion size for prompt ion migration in the oriented polyether.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-787
Number of pages9
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume154-155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 2
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ionic conductivity
  • Liquid crystal
  • Poly(ethylene oxide)
  • Smectic phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ion-conductive mechanism in liquid crystalline molecules having polyether segment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this