Involvement of renal γ-glutamyltranspeptidase in differences in the renal uptake of mercuric mercury by male and female mice of various strains and ages

T. Tanaka-Kagawa, N. Miura, K. Kobayashi, N. Imura, A. Naganuma

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Abstract

Involvement of renal γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (γ-GTP) in differences in the renal uptake of Hg2+ by male and female mice of various ages was examined using five strains of mice, namely, BALB/cA, C57BL/6N, CBA/JN, C3H/HeN and ICR. We observed strain-related and gender-related differences in the renal accumulation of Hg2+ 30 min after the administration of mercuric chloride (1 μmol/kg, s.c.). Renal γ-GTP activity also varied among the tested strains, and the activity in males was about twice that in females. A significant correlation was recognized between renal γ-GTP activity and the renal accumulation of Hg2+. Both renal uptake of Hg2+ and renal γ-GTP activity increased gradually with age in male ICR mice from 2 to 8 weeks after birth but remained relatively constant in ICR females. Significant gender-related differences in both renal accumulation of Hg2+ and γ-GTP activity were observed 4 weeks after birth and thereafter. Castration of male ICR mice decreased both renal accumulation of Hg2+ and γ-GTP activity to the levels in females. Injection of testosterone increased both renal accumulation of Hg2+ and γ-GTP activity in castrated male mice and in normal female mice to the levels in control male mice. These results suggest that strain-related, gender-related and age-related differences in the renal accumulation of Hg2+ in mice might be due to differences in renal γ-GTP activity and, furthermore, that renal γ-GTP activity might be controlled, at least to some extent, by testosterone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-62
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Gender-related difference
  • Mercuric mercury
  • Mouse
  • Renal uptake
  • Strain- related difference
  • γ-glutamyltranspeptidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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