Involvement of jasmonic acid signalling in bacterial wilt disease resistance induced by biocontrol agent Pythium oligandrum in tomato

S. Hase, S. Takahashi, S. Takenaka, K. Nakaho, T. Arie, S. Seo, Y. Ohashi, H. Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When the biocontrol agent Pythium oligandrum (PO) colonizes the rhizosphere, it suppresses bacterial wilt disease in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cv. Micro-Tom) caused by Ralstonia solanacearum, and a homogenate of its mycelia exhibits elicitor activity, inducing an ethylene (ET)-dependent defence response in Micro-Tom. Since salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) play an important role in plant defence responses to pathogens, the involvement of SA- and JA-dependent signal transduction pathways in resistance to R. solanacearum was investigated in tomato roots treated with a mycelial homogenate of PO. Bacterial wilt disease was also suppressed in tomato cv. Moneymaker treated with the PO homogenate. However, the SA-inducible PR-1(P6) gene was not up-regulated in either Micro-Tom or Moneymaker. SA did not accumulate in homogenate-treated roots in comparison with distilled water-treated controls, even 24 h after inoculation. Induced resistance against R. solanacearum was not compromised in SA-non-accumulating NahG transgenic plants treated with the PO homogenate. On the other hand, the expression of the JA-responsive gene for the basic PR-6 protein was induced in both tomato cultivars treated with the PO homogenate. Furthermore, quantitative disease assays showed that the induced resistance against R. solanacearum was compromized in PO homogenate-treated jai1-1 mutant plants defective in JA signalling. These results indicated that the JA-dependent signalling pathway is required for PO-induced resistance against R. solanacearum in tomato.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-876
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Pathology
Volume57
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Biocontrol agent
  • Elicitin
  • Induced resistance
  • Plant hormone
  • Ralstonia solanacearum
  • Tomato

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture

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