For achieving efficient cancer treatment, it is important to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the accumulation of nanoparticles in tumor tissue. Recent studies suggest that nanoparticles are not delivered merely through gaps between tumor endothelial cells. We previously reported that the maturation of the vascular structure by the vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) using a previously developed siRNA delivery technology (RGD-MEND) significantly enhanced the accumulation of nanoparticles in types of cancers that area vessel-rich (renal cell carcinoma). This result was completely inconsistent with the generally accepted theory of the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. We hypothesized that a caveolin-1 (Cav1)-mediated transcellular route would be involved with the penetration of nanoparticles into tumor vasculature. To reveal the exact mechanism responsible for this enhancement, we observed the delivery of long-circulating liposomes (LPs) after Cav1 was co-suppressed by RGD-MEND with VEGFR2. The enhanced delivery of LPs by siRNA against VEGFR2 (siVEGFR2) was accompanied by the elevated expression of the Cav1 protein. In addition, Cav1 knockdown by siRNA against Cav1 (siCav1) canceled the enhanced delivery of LPs by siVEGFR2. The injection of siCav1 had no effect on the formation of alpha smooth muscle actin or vascular endothelial cell adhesion molecules. These results suggest that a Cav1-induced transcellular route and not a paracellular route, at least partially, contributes to the accumulation of nanoparticles in tumors.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Apr 30|
- EPR effect
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology