Investigation on the crystallization mechanism difference between FINEMET® and NANOMET® type Fe-based soft magnetic amorphous alloys

Yaocen Wang, Yan Zhang, Akira Takeuchi, Akihiro Makino, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, the atomic behaviors of Nb and P in Fe-based amorphous alloys during nano-crystallization process were studied by the combination of ab initio molecular dynamics simulations and experimental measurements. The inclusion of Nb is found to be tightly bonded with B, resulting in the formation of diffusion barrier that could prevent the over-growth of α-(Fe, Si) grains and the promotion of larger amount of α-(Fe, Si) participation. The P inclusion could delay the diffusion of the metalloids that have to be expelled from the α-(Fe, Si) crystallization region so that the grain growth could be reduced with fast but practically achievable heating rates. The combined addition of P and Nb in high Fe content amorphous alloys failed in exhibiting the potential of good magnetic softness with slow heating (10 K/min) annealing at various temperatures. The sample with optimum crystallization process with confined grain size was annealed at 653 K, with the grain size of 31 nm and a coercivity of ∼120 A/m, much too large to meet the application requirements and to be compared with the currently well-studied alloy systems. This attempt suggests that the inclusion of early transition metal elements might not be effective enough to suppress grain growth in crystallizing high Fe content amorphous alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145102
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume120
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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