Investigation of the Onikobe geyser, NE Japan, by observing the ground tilt and flow parameters

Takeshi Nishimura, Mie Ichihara, Sadato Ueki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study we conducted observations of the Onikobe geyser, NE Japan, by deploying a tiltmeter and an acoustic sensor close to the vent, a flow pressure sensor at the conduit exit, and measuring water temperature at ground level. The data from these instruments are consistent with the model of geysers which involves effusion process of boiling due to depressurization. During the observation period, the geyser generally effused water for about 90 s every 10 mins, although during certain periods these times randomly shortened to about 60 s and 6 mins, respectively. Tilt records show a strong correlation with the short and long effusion times, reflecting water movement in at least two chambers beneath the vent. We are able to empirically predict the duration of effusion from tilt data, although flow pressure does not vary with effusion time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e21-e24
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Boiling
  • Depressurization
  • Effusion
  • Geyser
  • Onikobe
  • Tilt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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