Investigation of high strength metastable hypereutectic ternary Ti-Fe-Co and quaternary Ti-Fe-Co-(V, Sn) alloys

Dmitri V. Louzguine-Luzgin, Larissa V. Louzguina-Luzgina, Hidemi Kato, Akihisa Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The high strength metastable Ti-Fe-Co alloys were produced by arc-melting in the shape of distorted semi-spherical ingots with the dimensions of about 25-30 mm in diameter and 7-10 mm in height. The structure of the hypereutectic Ti-Fe-Co alloys (at Fe/Co ratio ≥1) studied by X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy consisted of the primary dendrites of an ordered cP2 Ti(Fe, Co) compound and an eutectic consisting of the cP2 Ti(Fe, Co) compound and a disordered BCC cI2 β-Ti solid solution. The strongest Ti-Fe-Co alloys have a hypereutectic structure and exhibit a high strength exceeding 2000 MPa and a plastic deformation of about 15%. The quaternary Ti67Fe14Co14Sn5 alloy exhibits a high strength of 1830 MPa and the largest plastic strain of 24%. The deformation behavior and the fractography of Ti-Fe-Co and Ti-Fe-Co-Sn alloys are studied in detail. The formation of a composite-like structure with hard carcass of the intermetallic phase in the relatively soft eutectic matrix enabled both high strength and ductility. The accommodation deformation can be explained by the intergranular sliding of the primary Ti(Fe, Co) dendrites in the softer eutectic matrix. Rough primary dendrites and eutectic rods of the cP2 intermetallic phase act as efficient barriers for shear strain and cracks propagation, while fine eutectic rods of submicron size are quite effortlessly cut by deformation bands and cracks. It is shown that the high strength and ductility values for Ti-based alloys can be achieved without using the injection mould casting or rapid solidification procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-35
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue numberSPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 31


  • Mechanical properties
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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