Investigation of graphite nozzle erosion in hybrid rockets using o2/c2h4

Landon Kamps, Shota Hirai, Kazuhito Sakurai, Tor Viscor, Yuji Saito, Raymond Guan, Hikaru Isochi, Naoto Adachi, Mitsunori Itoh, Harunori Nagata

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)


A recently developed reconstruction technique titled nozzle-throat reconstruction technique is used to investigate graphite nozzle-throat-erosion in two scales of hybrid rocket motors, 30N-thrust class and 2000N-thrust class, using oxygen as the oxidizer and high density polyethylene as the fuel. Thirty seven static firing tests were conducted under varying experimental conditions to confirm the validity of the reconstruction technique results, investigate the conditions at the onset of erosion and to formulate an empirical predictive model of nozzle erosion rate. Results show that nozzle erosion increases the convective heat transfer coefficient to upwards of 2-4 times the value predicted by Bartz correlation. Furthermore, an empirical model is introduced that treats the combustion gas as a single oxidizing agent with heterogeneous rate constants that are distributions of equivalence ratio of the bulk fluid flow. This empirical model predicts the nozzle throat erosion histories in multiple tests to within ± 5%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 Joint Propulsion Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105708
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event54th AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2018 - Cincinnati, United States
Duration: 2018 Jul 92018 Jul 11

Publication series

Name2018 Joint Propulsion Conference


Conference54th AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of graphite nozzle erosion in hybrid rockets using o2/c2h4'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this