Investigation of Coronal Properties of X-Ray Bright G-dwarf Stars Based on the Solar Surface Magnetic Field-Corona Relationship

Shinsuke Takasao, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Takuma Shimura, Atsushi Yoshida, Masanobu Kunitomo, Yuki A. Tanaka, Daisuke Ishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the coronal properties of G-dwarf stars including the Sun over a wide range of X-ray luminosity L X (3 × 1026 to 2 × 1030 erg s-1). We analyzed the archival data of 10 X-ray bright (L X > 1028 erg s-1) G-dwarf stars to derive their emission measure (EM) and the coronal temperature (T) during the periods when no prominent stellar flares were observed. We attempted to explain the relation on the basis of our understanding of the present Sun: A steady corona model based on the so-called Rosner-Tucker-Vaiana (RTV) scaling laws and the observed power-law distribution function of surface magnetic features. We derived a theoretical scaling law of the EM-T relation for a star with multiple active regions, and applied it to the observations combined with data in the literature. We found that with the solar parameters, our scaling law seems to be consistent with the data of slowly rotating stars. However, more X-ray-bright stars are located well above the scaling law based on the solar parameter. The scaling law may explain the observations if those stars show a power-law distribution function of active regions with the same power-law index but a 10-100 times larger coefficient. This suggests that X-ray bright stars show more active regions for a given size than the Sun. Since our samples include rapidly rotating stars, we infer that the offset of the X-ray bright stars from the present Sun-based scaling law is due to the enhancement of the surface magnetic field generation by their rapid rotation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number70
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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