Intrinsically disordered domain of tumor suppressor p53 facilitates target search by ultrafast transfer between different DNA strands

Yuji Itoh, Agato Murata, Satoshi Takahashi, Kiyoto Kamagata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intersegmental transfer (IST) is an important strategy in the target search used by sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins (DBPs), enabling DBPs to search for targets between multiple DNA strands without dissociation. We examined the IST of the tumor suppressor p53 using ensemble stopped-flow and single-molecule fluorescence measurements. The ensemble measurements demonstrated that p53 exhibits very fast IST, whose rate constant was ∼108 M−1 s−1. To determine the domains of p53 responsible for IST, two mutants with deletions of one of its two DNA binding domains were generated. The mutant lacking the disordered C-terminal (CT) domain (the CoreTet mutant) abolished IST, whereas the mutant lacking the structured core domain (the TetCT mutant) maintained IST, clearly demonstrating the importance of the CT domain. Single-molecule fluorescence measurements further demonstrated the transfer of p53 between two tethered DNA strands. The pseudo-wild-type p53 and the TetCT mutant showed significant transfer efficiencies, whereas the transfer efficiency for the CoreTet mutant was zero. These results suggest that ultrafast IST might be promoted by four copies of the CT domain, by binding to two DNA strands simultaneously. Such ultrafast IST might be important to avoid nearby-bound DBPs during the target search process of p53 in nucleus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7261-7269
Number of pages9
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume46
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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