Intrinsic magnetic moment on (0001) surfaces of rhombohedral graphite

Minoru Otani, Mikito Koshino, Yoshiteru Takagi, Susumu Okada

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52 Citations (Scopus)


We study electronic structure of the (0001) surfaces of graphite with a rhombohedral stacking arrangement by performing the first-principles total-energy calculations based on the density functional theory. We find that ferrimagnetic spin polarization occurs on the (0001) surfaces of rhombohedral graphite. Detailed analyses of energy bands, spin densities, and wave-function distribution unequivocally reveal the nature of the ferrimagnetic spin polarization, which is associated with the peculiar surface-localized state that possesses the same characteristics as the edge-localized states of graphite flakes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number161403
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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