Intravenous injection with antisense oligodeoxynucleotides against angiotensinogen decreases blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats

Naoki Makino, Masahiro Sugano, Shoji Ohtsuka, Shojiro Sawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the renin-angiotensin system, renin is known to cleave angiotensinogen to generate angiotensin I, which is the precursor of angiotensin II. Angiotensin II is a vasoactive peptide that plays an important role in blood pressure. On the other hand, the liver is the major organ responsible for the production of angiotensinogen in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). To test the hypothesis that a reduction of angiotensinogen mRNA in the liver by antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) may affect both plasma angiotensinogen and angiotensin II levels, as well as blood pressure, we intravenously injected antisense ODNs against rat angiotensinogen coupled to asialoglycoprotein carrier molecules, which serve as an important regulator of liver gene expression, into SHR via the tail vein. The SHR used in the present study were studied at 20 weeks of age and were fed a standard diet throughout the experiment. Plasma angiotensinogen, angiotensin II concentrations, and blood pressure all decreased from the next day until up to 5 days after the injection of antisense ODNs. These concentrations thereafter returned to baseline by 7 days after injection. A reduction in the level of hepatic angiotensinogen mRNA was also observed from the day after injection until 5 days after injection with antisense ODNs. However, in the SHR injected with sense ODNs, plasma angiotensinogen, angiotensin II concentrations, and blood pressure, as well as hepatic angiotensinogen mRNA, did not significantly change throughout the experimental period. Although the exact role of angiotensinogen in hypertension still remains to be clarified, these findings showed that intravenous injection with antisense ODNs against angiotensinogen coupled to asialoglycoprotein carrier molecules targeted to the liver could thus inhibit plasma angiotensinogen levels and, as a result, induce a decrease in blood pressure in SHR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1166-1170
Number of pages5
JournalHypertension
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 May
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Angiotensinogen
  • Antisense elements
  • Blood pressure
  • Genetics
  • Rats, inbred SHR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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